The Rise and Fall of the Kingdom of Hawaii

Kamehameha I established trade amongst countries throughout the pacific to include Russia, Great Britain, Asia, South America, and North America. Hawaii became a resupply point, a whaling community, an exporter of goods and a strategic haven in the middle of the Pacific, prime for colonialism and opportunity. The strategic location in the Pacific proved to be the final blow to Hawaiian independence. In 1893 the Nation of Hawaii was overthrown by the Division of Public Safety. The Division of Public Safety was once comprised of missionaries, and now wealthy farmers and merchants overthrew the government. The monarchy existed from 1810 to 1893 reigned by eight kings and queens. Prior to and after the overthrow, the group lobbied the United States for annexation under the American Flag. In 1898, their lobbying efforts under President William McKinley proved successful. The Spanish, Cuban and American War placed Hawaii at the forefront of strategic significance. Hawaii was made a territory of the United States in 1900, securing the boarders of the United States from threats in the Pacific.

Thus issued a new era for Hawaii’s History. The fall of the Kingdom of Hawaii fostered a new era in Hawaii’s History. These were turbulent times for the native sons and daughters of Hawaii. This new error resulted in the suppression of the culture and the indigenous people. Hawaiians became second class citizens in a purposeful “whitewash.” Iolani palace located on Oahu is the only palace in America- a home and prison to the last queen of Hawaii, Queen Liliuokalani.

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